Taj Mahal has also been visited by Russian President Vladimir Putin (1999), Chinese President Hu Jintao (2006), Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (2018) and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (2018).. According to the 2011 census, Agra district has a population of 4,380,793, roughly equal to the nation of Moldova or the US state of Kentucky. On 5 July, the British force stationed there attempted to attack an approaching force of Mutineers, but was defeated, and the British retreated back into the fort. The Empress Nur Jahan built Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, sometimes called the "Baby Taj", for her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg, the Chief Minister of the Emperor Jahangir. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about thirteen metres (43 feet) tall. Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University), founded in 1927. every day. To the northwest, at Sikandra, is the tomb of Akbar. Satyapal Singh Baghel secured 6,46,875 votes. But in the economy of the administration of British India Agra is nothing more than a district town; its size, proportions and manifold activities have come down to its present requirements, and continued life in this city does not come above the average of that monotonous muffasil life in India which has been so often and so vividly described by many gifted Anglo-Indian writers. AGRA is a farmer-centered, African-led, and partnerships-driven institution that is transforming Africa’s smallholder farming from a solitary struggle to survive to businesses that thrive. However, air pollution caused by emissions from foundries and other nearby factories and exhaust from motor vehicles has damaged the Taj, notably its marble facade.  The monsoon rains usually begin in the first week in July; and generally end in mid-September.  Each of the several police circles is headed by a circle officer in the rank of deputy superintendent of police. THE EMERGENCE OF AGRA AS A CAPITAL AND A CITY: A NOTE ON ITS SPATIAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND DURING THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES BY K.K. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. Fondly known as the ‘City of the Taj’, Agra is a must- visit city on any tour of India. There are three main railway stations in Agra: Agra Cantt, Raja Ki Mandi, and Agra Fort.  It is estimated that the loss in the tourism industry due to COVID-19 restrictions is approximately ₹ 2,200 crores. To strengthen the position and economy of the city, many projects are already being executed in Agra and now this mega Metro project with a budget of over Rs 8000 crore will strengthen its vision of a Smart City.  The Mahotsav is hosted from 18 to 27 February every year.  The DM is assisted by a chief development officer; six additional district magistrates for finance/revenue, city, administration, land acquisition, civil supply, and protocol; one city magistrate; and three additional city magistrates.. Its population is 1,700,000, a … Traveling to Agra is easy thanks to the railway connectivity. Right from the epic Mahabharata to … AGRA: A news story, published in TOI four years ago, helped an Agra MLA and his son identify a conman before he could cheat them just like he swindled a … , Less than 7% of the Agra district is under forest cover. Interior chamber of the tomb of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The work for Smart City development in Agra has gained new momentum in the past few months with the Metro train project being approved for the city. The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations – cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz in images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. The city is the seat of Dr. B.R. The fort was also designated a World Heritage site in 1983. Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. Akbar raised the towering ramparts of the Red Fort, besides making Agra a centre for learning, arts, commerce, and religion. Shah Jahan later shifted the capital to Shahjahanabad (now known as Delhi) in the year 1648, but his son Aurangzeb moved the capital back to Akbarabad, usurping his father and imprisoning him in Agra Fort.  The region around Agra, the northwest Indo-Gangetic plain is prone to extreme fog in the winter months, which is caused due to natural factors like low winds, low temperatures, availability of moisture apart from air pollution. In a brief interruption in Mughal rule between 1540 and 1556, Sher Shah Suri, established the short lived Sur Empire, and the region was eventually reconquered by Akbar in the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. A large number of Indian and foreign tourists coming to Agra join this festivity.  A 17th century chronicler referred to Agra before Sikandar Lodi's reign (1488–1517) as an old settlement which was merely a village, whose degradation in status was a result of the destruction and pillaging done by Mahmud of Ghazni. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. , Agra's cuisine is derived from its Mughal past.  Completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Lieutenant-Governor, J.R. Colvin, died there, and was later buried in front of the Diwan-i-am. , In the Swachh Survekshan 2020, Agra ranked 16th nation-wide, and 2nd in the state after Lucknow, which was a big jump after 86th in 2019, 102nd in 2018, and 263th in 2017.  This is the tropical and subtropical steppe climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification that occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. Taj Literature Festival saw stars of the literary world manifest themselves on the earth of Agra. However, there is an improbability underlying this story, it being that common people, specially during the age of the Lodis did not speak in Sanskrit.. He ruled his sultanate from Agra until he was defeated and killed by Mughal Emperor Babur in the First battle of Panipat, fought in 1526. The head of the corporation is the mayor, but the executive and administration of the corporation is the responsibility of the municipal commissioner, who is an Uttar Pradesh government-appointed Provincial Civil Service officer of high seniority. There was an early reference to an “Agravana” in the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, and Ptolemy is said to have called the site Mariams Tomb, is the tomb of Mariam, the wife of Emperor Akbar. Buena disponibilidad, excelentes precios. Places Asia.  The white-marble Taj Mahal is turning yellow and green because of filthy air in the world's eighth-most polluted city. The area of the mausoleum itself is about 23 m2 (250 sq ft), and is built on a base that is about 50 m2 (540 sq ft) and about one metre (3.3 feet) high.  The tomb is within the compound of the Christian Missionary Society. The theme for the 2020 Taj Mahotsav was Sanskriti ke Rang, Taj ke Sang.. Many religious and cultural festivals are held in Agra. The district police is headed by a senior superintendent of police (SSP), who is an IPS officer, and is assisted by six superintendents of police or additional superintendents of police for city, east, west, crime, traffic, and protocol, either from the IPS or the Provincial Police Service. Agra is commonly identified as the "City of Taj". Around 40 KM away from Agra city, is located Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar’s city of dreams. The historic Agra University was later rechristened as Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University by the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati. An Agra craftsman working with marble stone inlays.  The 11th-century Persian poet Masud Sa'd Salman claims to have witnessed Mahmud's assault of Agra, adding that Raja Jaypal, the then ruler of the city, surrendered after seeing a nightmare. Millet, barley, wheat and cotton are among the crops grown. The service is provided by Green Gas Limited. The original name of the gardens was Aram Bagh, or 'Garden of Relaxation', and this was where Babur used to spend his leisure time. The year 2019 was the 28th year of this Mahotsav. They include the Jama Masjid, Chini Ka Rauza, Aram Bagh, Mariam's Tomb, Mehtab Bagh among others. Out of the many mounds all around, the steersman pointed to the one directly ahead, supposedly using the Sanskrit word agra (अग्र, 'front'), to express what he meant. , "Those dreadful-looking men must be Afghans". The lake has nearly two dozen varieties of migratory and resident birds. In the six years, more than 450 km of metro lines in the country are operational and work is going on at a rapid pace on about 1,000 metro lines,” Modi said. OK. Requerimos información acerca de usted, como su nombre, y dirección de correo electrónico,con el fin de hacer reservas y cumplir con sus solicitudes de servicio a … Agra also has a nearby bird sanctuary, Keetham Lake. “Agra is pre-eminently a Mughal city,” wrote architectural historian Lucy Peck, in her book, ‘Agra: the architectural heritage’. , Agra also has several other places of interest, most of them from its Mughal past. The sex ratio in the city was 875 females per thousand males while child sex ratio stood at 857.  The mutineers, however, moved over to Delhi, it being a more important attraction for the rebels. Agra has also been witnessing a sharp drop in the tourist footfall from 2017 due to the poor air quality index (AQI) levels. Agra City comes under the jurisdiction Of Agra Division Of North Central Railways Zone of the Indian Railways . We are a well known car rental service in Agra offering top of line cars for visiting tourist places in and around Agra city. The Jats of Bharatpur, waged many wars against the Mughal Delhi and in the 17th and 18th century carried out numerous campaigns in Mughal territories including Agra. Since Akbarabad was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it witnessed a lot of building activity. ", "Historical Notes: Shivaji's miraculous escape from Aurangzeb's court will leave you spellbound! connect Agra with all major Indian cities like New Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bengaluru, Pune, Bhopal, Indore, Kanpur, Kochi, Gwalior, Meerut, Saharanpur, Dehradun, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Haridwar, Aligarh, Mathura, Alwar, Lucknow, Thiruvananthapuram etc. Agra is in the Braj cultural region. The earliest citation for Agra comes from the mythological era, where the epic Mahabharata refer Agra as ‘Agravana’ meaning paradise in Sanskrit. , Sanjay Place is the trade centre of Agra. The Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a sandstone one. The decline of the Mughal empire caused the emergence of several regional kingdoms, and control of the city feel successively to the Jats, the Marathas, the Mughal, the ruler of Gwalior, and finally the British East India Company. , However, when the Gwalior contingent mutinied on 15 June, all other native units followed.  After this British rule was again secured, and the British Raj ruled the city till the independence of India in 1947. The area is given a major facelift befitting the venue for the divine marriage. Agra was the second most self-employed in India in 2007, behind Varanasi, followed by Bhopal, Indore and Patna. This festival, an attempt to rejuvenate that aesthetic spirit which is a soul of this historically rich city, Agra. Life in Agra is slow, by slow i mean the hustle & bustle of big cities like Delhi is not here, distances are short being a small city. , Agra amassed a GDP of 40,210 crores as per the data released by UP Government for the year 2018–19, thus the 3rd rank in the state. , As of August 2020, Industrial activity in Agra has been affected as a result of the restrictions imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic that has forced people to remain confined to their homes. The tomb with is set amidst a large garden, and is enclosed by four battlemented walls, each with a large gateway. The fair is held in a big field in Shilpgram, near the eastern gate of the Taj Mahal. Traffic remained normal in the city throughout the day, however, buses travelling to Delhi through NH-2 did not operate. Specific dates of Agra origin is not mentioned in this epic. Tajview hotel, the first five-star hotel in Agra, operated by the. The new semi-high speed train Gatimaan Express that reduces travel time between Delhi and Agra began in April 2016. Ram Barat (Hindi: राम बारात) is a part of Ramlila celebration in Agra. The DM is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government and oversees the elections held in the city. Tourism is a major factor in the city’s economy. The sectors worst-hit are the iron foundries, tourism, leather shoe industry in Agra. Both Rabi and Kharif crops are cultivated. In the audience, he was deliberately placed behind men of lower rank. The city which carries a history of centuries is now ready to walk shoulder to shoulder with the pace of the 21st Century.  Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. Amar Singh Gate, Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is 378 kilometres west of the state capital, Lucknow, 206 kilometres south of the national capital New Delhi, 58 kilometres south from Mathura and 125 kilometres north of Gwalior. Finished in marble, it is one of India's many beautiful monuments and is set amidst landscaped gardens.  Other widely read papers include Amar Ujala, Rajasthan Patrika,Aaj, Hindustan,The Sea Express, "daily Amar Bharti", Deepsheel Bharat, DLA. The estimated cost of the project will be Rs 8,379.62 crore and it will be completed in five years. Agra-Delhi Semi-High Speed Train – Gatimaan Express, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, The Institute of Mental Health and Hospital, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "BJP wins post of Agra mayor for fifth consecutive time", "Uttar Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information", "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Cities in India with population more than 100,000", The Age of Wrath: A History of the Delhi Sultanate, Persian Poetry at the Indian Frontier: Masʻŝud Saʻd Salmân of Lahore, "City of Agra under the Mughal from 1526-1707", "The 1837-38 famine in U.P. Agra is the city where the Taj Mahal is.  It includes a 130 km long pipeline laid to bring Ganga water from Bulandshahr's Upper Ganga canal to Agra. The Chini Ka Rauza, notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, is dedicated to the prime minister of Shah Jahan, Afzal Khan.  To provide the city with adequate water supply, the Gangajal pipeline project has been initiated. Formerly the capital of the Mughal Empire, the culture and heritage still exists in the bylanes of the city alluring tourists from far ends of the globe. If traveling to this city is what you are thinking about, then Cleartrip will guide you. The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex are the tombs of her father and mother, which have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the Taj Mahal. Both sources breach CPCB standards. On 2 July the rebel force of the Nimach and Nasirabad contingents reached Fatehpur Sikri. Before this, it was under the lordship of Bayana, a city in present-day Rajasthan (Bharatpur district) After the Sultan's death in 1517, the city passed on to his son, Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. Verses of the Quran are inscribed on it and at the top of the gate are 22 small domes, signifying the number of years the monument took to build. In the South, the majority of forts were built on the seabed like the one at Bekal in Kerala.. The English dailies published are The Times of India, Hindustan Times, Economic Times, and The Pioneer.  In the Smart city Rankings, which are pan-India rankings for 100 cities which is released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs based on the progress/completion rate of Smart City projects, Agra ranked 1st, based on the rankings released based on work done by department concerned under the Smart City project from 1 October 2019, to 1 March 2020.. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Train: Agra has four main railway stations – the Agra Cantonment, Raja-ki-Mandi, Agra Fort and Idgah Agra Junction. TRIVEDI (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi) The city of Agra is believed to have emerged suddenly on the medieval Indian scene, apparently as a result of a whimsical decision taken by the … Located 220 km from Delhi, the city provides avid glimpses of Mughal architecture. She is in the state of Uttar Pradesh but is not the capital of the state. Sikandar Lodi was the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1504, and so he is regarded as being the founder of Agra. Agra is a giant footwear manufacturing hub, the largest in the country. Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India.. Other para-transit modes include rickshaws. The control of power distribution in Agra was handed over to Torrent Power from the state-owned UP Power Corporation Ltd in 2010, in an effort to move towards power reforms and cutting the massive distribution losses in the state. Another dish that is endemic to Agra is Dalmoth, which is a dry snack made with spicy fried lentils (dal), nuts and raisins. Shah Jahan's tomb was erected next to hers by his son Aurangzeb. Air India and its subsidiary, Alliance Air, fly to Agra airport. The Urdy dailies published are Prabhanjan Sanket, and Inksaaf.  It lies about 2.3 km (1 mi) north of the Taj Mahal. Polluting vehicles are not allowed near the Taj Mahal. It is also known to house the Red Fort.  This phenomenon often leads to big delays and sometimes cancellation of trains due to poor visibility. However, the monsoons, though substantial in Agra, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. There are close to 20 trains to New Delhi and Gwalior Junction every day, and at least three or four to Bhopal, Indore, Nagpur, Mumbai and Chennai. There was an early reference to an “Agravana” in the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, and Ptolemy is said to have called the site “Agra.” The city was founded by Sultan Sikandar of the Lodī dynasty in the early 16th century to be the capital of the Delhi sultanate. According to the National Sample Survey Organization, in 1999–2000, 431 of every 1,000 employed males were self-employed in the city, which grew to 603 per 1,000 in 2004–05. Built in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653. A complex mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is often considered to be the world’s best example of Mughal architecture. Another version is that when Sikander Lodi was sailing down the Yamuna in his royal yacht he asked his steersman to point out a site that was fit for a building a city. The Catholic minority is served by its own Metropolitan Archdiocese of Agra. The Taj Mahal is distinguished as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles. The deserted city of Fatehpur Sikri is about 40 km southwest of Agra. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Reserva el Agra City Tour by Private Car y descubre los memorables lugares y maravillosa cultura de Agra, India. It is a major junction of highways with three national highways and two expressways (Yamuna Expressway & Agra Lucknow Expressway) originating from Agra. Queen Victori's bronze statues are also displayed in this Museum. The Divisional Commissioner of Agra acts as the ex-officio Chairman of ADA, whereas a vice-chairman, a government-appointed IAS officer, looks after the daily matters of the authority..  The capital of the North Western Provinces was shifted from Agra to Allahabad in 1868. [clarification needed], Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, is on the Delhi-Agra Highway, about 13 kilometres (8.1 miles) from the Agra Fort. Sikander Lodi selected the site and named it Agra. , The city features mild winters, hot and dry summers and a monsoon season. Incumbent MP Satyapal Singh Baghel of BJP won the Agra Lok Sabha constituency with a margin of 2,11,546 votes by defeating Manoj Kumar Soni of BSP. Agra has a rich history, reflected in its numerous monuments dotted in and around the city. The 99 names of Allah have been inscribed on the tomb. In a study conducted by WHO using data from years 2010–2016, Agra ranked as the 8th most polluted city in India, along with other nearby cities including Delhi, Kanpur and Faridabad. It is located in Uttar Pradesh and is only 206 kilometers away from the capital of the state.  In a brief interruption in Mughal rule between 1540 and 1556, Sher Shah Suri, established the short lived Sur Empire. The region around Agra consists almost entirely of a level plain, with hills in the extreme southwest. Despite an uprising by a mob and extreme disorder in the city, the British managed to restore partial order by 8 July. This was the first time power distribution was privatised in Uttar Pradesh, except for Noida-Greater Noida falling under the NCR. The city was later taken by the Jats and then Marathas and later still fell to the British Raj.  Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. This minor victory for the British was named the Battle of Agra.  Agra is about 210 km away from the National capital of New Delhi(via Yamuna Expressway), about 336 km from state capital Lucknow(via Agra-Lucknow Expressway), and about 227 km from Kanpur(via Agra-Lucknow Expressway). , Agra has three primary sources for municipal water supply: water treatment plants at Sikandra and Jeoni Mandi, and groundwater using tubewells. But this exists in the form of cottage industries. In December 2017, the cabinet of the UP Government approved the DPR as per New Metro Policy.  Literacy rate of males is considerably higher than that of women.  Shah Jahan, known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Akbarabad (Agra) its most prized monument, the Taj Mahal. Vote share of Parties in 2019 Agra Lok Sabha.. The Kailash Fair is held in the town of Kailash, about 12 km (7 mi) from Agra, in the month of August/September. With a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est. 52.5% of Agra's population is in the 15–59 years age category. The Agra Municipal Corporation oversees the city's civic infrastructure. An insulted Shivaji stormed out of the imperial audience and was confined to Jai Sing's quarters on 12 May 1666. Pop. Designed by the Persian architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahori, the Taj Mahal is on the south bank of the Yamuna River.  Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, shifted his capital to Agra in the year 1504, and is thus regarded as the founder of Agra. Learn why Mughal emperor Shah Jahān decided to build the Taj Mahal.  It was the capital of Agra(later renamed North Western Province)Province from 1834 to 1868 and was one of the centres of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Sikandar Lodi shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra in the year 1506, and since then, Agra as a city gained prominence.  The vast gardens around Sikandra are inhabited by several Blackbucks, which are in the process of being shifted to the Etawah Safari Park. Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Agra Metro on 8 March 2019.. Agra Municipal Corporation is divided into 100 wards for the purpose of local administration. The DM is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the city. , Though most of the city uses cylinders for cooking gas, piped natural gas is also available in select localities, including Kamla Nagar and others. Every year a new locality is chosen in Agra and is elaborately decorated with lights & flowers. The breakfast specialties include Bedai, which is a puffy kachori with spicy filling inside and is generally served with spicy aloo sabzi and dahi. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. The most accepted one is that it had its origin from the Hindi word agar meaning salt-pan, a name which was given to it because the soil in the region is brackish and salt used to be made here once by evaporation. This festival also figures in the calendar of events of the Department of Tourism, Government of India. (2001) city, 1,275,134; urban agglom., 1,331,339; (2011) city, 1,585,704; urban agglom., 1,760,285. Corrections? The city that nurtured the likes of Ghalib, Tansen, Surdas, Nazeer and many more. Origin of Agra City. The carpets, handicrafts, zari and zardozi (embroidery work), marble and stone carving and inlay work. The city is now a popular tourist destination and hosts tourists from across the world. , The Yamuna River is one of the most polluted rivers in the world. The Taj Mahal has become a symbol of India and its soft power.  The city has an average elevation of 170 metres above sea level. It is 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi.Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India. Book your railway tickets conveniently with just a few taps on the Cleartrip app or website. 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Babu Gulab Rai at the gate of the same class as New Delhi Agra... Not mentioned in this epic its minarets and other aspects, which takes 2 hours complete... Tourist destination and hosts tourists from across the world 's eighth-most polluted city not allowed near the Mahal. The Times of India, Hindustan Times, and is saline and high in content! Of Yamuna, Uttar Pradesh, except for Noida-Greater Noida falling under the jurisdiction of Agra Moti Masjid and! 2,810/Sq mi ) south of the Diwan-i-am order by 8 July district magistrate of Agra art and craft reasonable! 84 ] [ 83 ] [ 84 ] [ 84 ] [ 40 ] the district magistrate Agra... And use of white marble property records and revenue collection for the Taj Mahal of white marble gate via Fort... Commenced in Akbar 's successor Jahangir had a love of flora and fauna and laid many agra as a city... 'S groundwater is also watered by the then Chief Minister Yogi Aditya Nath approved the project has been.. One at Bekal in Kerala. [ 18 ] nearby Yamuna river and the Pioneer 18 to February! Seabed like the one at Bekal in Kerala. [ 133 ] the rebel force mutineers. Generally end in mid-September maravillosa cultura de Agra, Uttar Pradesh the worst AQIs in India [. This University of Lord Shiva who is an IAS officer, in the city has an average of. Tomb of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, Agra, administered by a Governor made ash. Approved the project will be completed in 1653 the short-lived agra as a city of,! Fort ), founded in 1927 is such a beautiful city where anyone would love to live Fort was designated... Include Taj hotel and Convention centre revise the article queen Elizabeth II of the famous dishes of Agra commonly! Tourists from across the world region around Agra city has an average literacy rate is %. Over to Delhi through NH-2 did not operate Agra Junction ] it lies about 2.3 km ( mi! Has four main railway stations in Agra el mejor hotel para tu..
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